Skin prick tests (allergies) are made with panels consisting of the most common allergens in our country for respiratory tract allergens. PPD test is performed to patients with suspected tuberculosis, followed by 3 days. The results are recorded in the hospital operating system and stored for life as well. Allergy Unit serves as two separate departments in our hospital.
Respiratory System Allergies / Diseases, Chest Diseases and ENT
Other system allergies and diseases are followed up and treated by other related branches, especially in Cildiye and in domestic medicine.
What is Allergy?
Allergy is the hypersensitivity reaction of the human body, which is more than normal, although it is not actually harmful. Allergy to this reaction, the body that triggers this immune system response to the allergen is called the allergen. Allergic reactions are not uniform, but can occur in many different parts of the body. This is a protective mechanism in normal humans. Allergic individuals in the body of the substance is harmful to the body can not be separated and reacts to harmless substances.
In general, respiratory system and other system allergic diseases are divided into two. The most common allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma.
Major allergic diseases related to the respiratory system:
Allergic diseases of the respiratory system:
Allergic Contact Dermatitis,
How to understand the allergy?
Clinical findings are sufficient for diagnosis together with the history of the patient (anamnesis). However, supportive tests are carried out to prove and find out what allergy has occurred.
Blood tests: Total Ig E, Specific IgE's, Blood Eosinophil level, Liver Functional tests
Nasal tests: Nasal smear
Gaita Investigations: Parasites, Propagation,
Skin tests: Pach test, Prick tests (leather boot tests),
Respiratory tests: Pulmonary function tests, bronchial provocation tests,
What are the symptoms?
When the allergen (the substance that the body considers to be foreign) is encountered, skin rashes such as sneezing, watery eyes, runny nose, nasal congestion, nasal itching and eczema occur. These reactions are not observed in people who are confronted with the same substances but are not.
General signs and symptoms in respiratory system allergies;
It is sneezing, runny nose, itching in the nose, nose sniffing, nasal congestion, tears, itching of the eyes or ears, sensation of itching in the throat, nasal discharge, cough, shortness of breath, breathlessness, wheezing and wheezing. General symptoms and findings in other system allergies are; Itching, redness, red spots in various parts of the body, swelling of the skin, red patch rash, itching around the anus, watering in the hands, crusting, swelling in the lips and lips, fainting, shock and coma are the symptoms.
How is it treated?
Treatment begins with prevention, the person must first stay away from allergic substances after learning what they are allergic to; however, if symptoms persist, they should begin medication. In some allergic diseases, immunotherapy may be preferred in selected cases.
How to protect?
The most common causes of allergies are animal hairs, flower pollen, powder, mold and detergent.
Some of the measures taken after learning about allergy to;
Protection from house dust (mite) allergies,
Protection from pollen (weeds, trees and flower powders)
Protection from mold and damp,
Animal epithelium and protection from feathers,
Protection from drug allergies (penicillin),
Protection from insect allergies (bee),
Avoiding foods and additives (diet),
Protection from common allergen substances.