Chest Diseases

Chest Diseases

Respiratory system within the rib cage is a branch of expertise that deals with the treatment of the respiratory system.

 

Asthma:

Shortness of breath, wheezing, cough, chest tightness and chronic lung disease is an episode of attacks. Crises, the disease in the early stages, the crisis between the patient is completely normal. It is quite common. It is more prevalent in developed countries, 10% in some countries. It is a hereditary disease. It is triggered by many factors. Factors such as ALLERGY, domestic and environmental air pollution, psychological problems and stress, SMOKING, cold weather, exercise, some drugs, some occupational environments, upper and lower respiratory tract diseases, chemicals, cleaning agents and perfumes, gastric reflux can trigger asthma. Smoking is a very important factor, it is a big risk factor. In children with smoking houses, asthma is triggered. During pregnancy, smokers are more likely to develop asthma in their babies.

 

In some cases, there is a simple finding as a DENTAL COUPLING, while in some cases there are very severe dyspnea and wheezing attacks. It is often accompanied by upper respiratory allergies, colds, sneezing, and nasal obstruction may accompany asthma symptoms.

 

The most common house dust mites (akar or mayt, together with ticks, live with limbs, which form the majority of acarina subspecies. They are fed with the dust and particles of the skin spilled from the human body. The mites that live in humid areas and cause asthma can be seen through a microscope, there are mites growing up to 55 microns, 1 g of skin is enough to feed 1,000,000 mites, there are 156 kinds of mites. They are thought to have 10 million mites, they pose great danger to human health.) Dog hairs, tree and flower pollen, mold fungus, allergy.

 

Although it is quite easy to diagnose during the crisis, the crisis can be difficult. To do this, you will need the Pulmonary Function Test, Allergy Test, Lung X-ray, Some Blood Tests. Although treatment can be managed in the early stages of asthma, only complaints can be controlled in advanced stages. The most important drugs are inhaled inhaler (spray and powder medications). They are extremely safe and do not make habit. They can be used safely during pregnancy.

 

Drugs are used as a relaxing condition during a period of partial crisis, and some are medications that prevent the crisis and control asthma. If they are used regularly, asthma does not progress and patients continue their normal life. If these medications are not used regularly, asthma progresses and complaints will persist. Regular Chest Disease Specialist control is important.

 

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease):

 

Pulmonary Disease. The difference from asthma is a progressive and persistent disease.

Cough, sputum removal, rustling, breathlessness, sometimes bruising is seen.

It is an increasing disease all over the world and ranks 5th in the causes of death. 2.5 million people die from COPD. In our country, there are nearly 3 million patients with COPD. The most important factor in this disease is CIGARETTE.

In addition, occupational dusts, air pollution, infections are risk factors. Because of shortness of breath in the advanced stages of the early stages, the disease is ignored in these stages and the disease progresses and doctors are referred to late stages. This makes treatment difficult. Treatment in COPD depends on the disease stage and should be continuous.

COPD is a progressive and intractable disease. In advanced stages, bruising, swelling of the feet and right heart failure are seen. Especially in winter, attacks increase.

Pulmonary function tests, chest X-rays, ECG, blood tests and lung tomography are used for diagnosis. In COPD, inhalers, sputum removers, breathing apparatus are used. Protective vaccines are made.

The treatment should be continuous and regularly checked for Chest Diseases Specialists.

Never stop smoking and leave. Treatment may not be possible unless smoking is allowed.

 

Lung cancer: 

The most common cancer in men. Women are also at the top of the list. The incidence of smoking increases in increasing countries. Approximately 1/5 of cancers are lung cancer, while approximately 1/3 of cancer deaths are from lung cancer. 5-year survival is one of the lowest cancers.

Cough, phlegm, loss of appetite, weight loss, loss of strength, fatigue, fever, pain, sputum blood is seen as important findings. There may also be organ findings. Smokers connect some of the findings to cigarettes, which leads to delay.

In a person who smokes for 20 years, the risk of Lung Cancer is 25 times higher than the nonsmokers. Therefore, if these findings start in smokers, examinations should be made.

Chest X-ray, sputum tests, lung tomography, bronchoscopy (internal examination of the airways) should be performed. Smokers over the age of 40 must be checked for Chest Diseases every year and have a Pulmonary X-ray.

The chance of treatment in early stages is very high, the chance of treatment in the advanced stages is very low.

Pulmonary Surgery, Drug and Radiation Treatment are applied.

 

Pulmonary Tuberculosis: 

This disease, known as tuberculosis, is as old as the history of mankind and was found by Koch, who was 130 years ago.

Pulmonary tuberculosis may be weight loss, loss of appetite, mild fever, sweating at night, general symptoms such as weakness, coughing, sputum production, blood spitting, shortness of breath in advanced cases. Diabetes, advanced nutritional disorders, severe stress, AIDS disease, some occupational diseases and alcoholism can lead to more frequent emergence of tuberculosis.

In case of these findings, Chest X-ray, Sputum Test, Skin Test (PPD) should be performed. Treatment of the family should be screened if the disease is to use 6 months regular and controlled medication.

 

Sleep Apnea, Respiratory Sleep Disorder:

It is the condition of weakening and stopping of breathing during sleep. There are extreme snoring.

In this phase, oxygen falls in the blood. As a result of this being continuous and repetition, sleep rhythm and continuity is disturbed and night sleep is not enough Daytime excessive sleepiness, attention disorders, inability to remember, headaches. In advanced stages, there is a risk of drowsiness and accidents during daytime.

Weight loss, genetic factors, stress, alcohol, anatomical disorders of the upper respiratory tract cause the emergence of this disease.

Diagnosis is made by SLEEP TEST. Treatment with a special device. CPAP device is used. Some patients may require operation. Alcohol should be left and weight should be lost.

Patients with untreated and progressive sleep apnea can have a traffic accident, blood pressure, stroke risk is high.

 

Pneumonia:

Lung infection is caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites. The alveoli are filled with inflammatory cells, infectious agents and serum.

High fever, chills, phlegm, frequent breathing, weakness, cough, chest pain and advanced pneumonia cases may include shortness of breath and bruising.

Advanced age, smoking, stay in intensive care, exposure to cold weather, the presence of a chronic heart or lung disease, alcoholism, substance abuse, some neurological diseases with unconsciousness, foreign body aspiration, exposure to harmful gases can cause disease.

Chest X-ray, sputum and blood tests, lung tomography are performed for diagnosis.

The treatment is performed in standing and in advanced cases. Elderly people, Chronic lung, heart or kidney patients, Alcoholism or substance dependence, Inadequate response to antibiotic therapy at home for 3 days, Unconsciousness, Excessive blood pressure, Common pneumonia, Very low or very low number of white blood cells (leukocytes), pleurisy (Lung membrane water collection), Renal failure table development, Excessive anemia, Increased number of respiration, In the presence of bruising should be hospitalized. Sometimes intensive care may be required.

 

ATTENTION:

IF YOU SMOKE, COUGH AND SPUTUM, WEAKEN, SNORE, OR HAVE SHORTNESS OF BREATH, YOU MUST CONTACT THE CHEST DISEASES SPECIALIST, HAVE YOUR EXAMS DONE... IF YOU HAVE THE DISEASE, YOU MUST HAVE REGULAR TREATMENT AND FOLLOW-UP.