Microbiology Laboratory

Microbiology Laboratory

Microbiology is a science called microorganism, which examines small living things, many of which can only be seen under microscope. Many of these microorganisms cause diseases in man. At the beginning; bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. These microorganisms are examined in Microbiology Laboratory which is a unit of Cihan Hospital Clinical Laboratory.


The diseases caused by these tiny creatures that we cannot see with the naked eye are generally called the Infectious Disease (Infectious Disease). Tens of thousands of different microorganisms appear as disease agents.


In this unit, direct and indirect tests related to infectious microorganisms are performed. In the laboratory, blood and all kinds of body fluids, tissue samples, urine and feces, as well as extracts and various other samples of infectious diseases, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up tests are guided. Bacteriology, virology, mycology, parasitology and serology are the sub-units.


Bacteriology; Identification and identification of antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria that cause infection in humans. (Typhoid, cholera, throat infections, bacteria etc.)


Virology: Diagnostic tests of viruses that cause disease in humans (HPV, etc.)


Mycology; Obtaining and identifying fungi that cause disease in humans and testing their susceptibility to antifungals (fungicides).


Parasitology, parasites and parasites in feces, urine and some other body fluids.


Serology: Diagnosis based on antibody in infectious diseases


Microbiology laboratory tests include: culture tests, bacterial identification tests, antibiotic and antifungal susceptibility tests, antibiotic resistance studies, direct microscopic examinations, stained preparation studies, parasite eggs in feces, antigen screening tests, antibody tests (serological tests), PCR ( Molecular diagnostic tests including polymerized chain reaction


Microbiology laboratory, the first thing that comes to mind among these tests, culture, bacterial identification and antibiotic susceptibility tests. These tests are performed in our laboratory, in international standards and by using automation system (Micro Scan AS4). With this system, bacteria are defined more advanced than classical methods, and information about unstable resistance mechanisms is also obtained. This makes very important contributions in the treatment of infections. In particular, this information is very important to cope with infections caused by multiple resistant bacteria that cause nosocomial infections.