Physical therapy and rehabilitation

Physical therapy and rehabilitation

The Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation aims to improve the quality of life of patients by diagnosing and treating the conditions in which the various parts of the body are lost or impaired.

 

The Cihan Hospital Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Unit has adopted the basic purpose of providing modern, ethical and high quality health services to outpatients and inpatients.

 

In our physical therapy and rehabilitation unit which is equipped with advanced technological medical devices, our team of experienced specialists and physiotherapists is provided with services.

 

In our physiotherapy and rehabilitation unit, rehabilitation of sports injuries in the field of orthopedic rehabilitation, rehabilitation after fracture, rehabilitation after meniscus and ligament surgery, rehabilitation of patients who have undergone hip and knee replacement surgery are provided.

 

Spinal cord injuries in patients with neurological rehabilitation, rehabilitation of patients with complete or partial paralysis, physical therapy and rehabilitation after muscle, tendon and nerve injuries; cerebral palsy, etc. in infants and children. rehabilitation services of motor developmental disorders are provided.

 

Treatment of joint problems in the field of rehabilitation of muscular diseases, opening of joint restriction, treatment of hernia and back pain, treatment of hernia, rehabilitation of rheumatic diseases are applied by applying modern treatment protocols.

 

A wide range of physical therapy and rehabilitation services are available, including rehabilitation of osteoporosis and degenerative joint diseases, spinal curvature therapy, respiratory rehabilitation, rehabilitation after hand injuries.

 

What is Cerebral Palsy?

 

Cerebral palsy, also known as cerebral palsy, is caused by damage to the central nervous system movement function areas before, during or after birth. It is thought that the brain may be the result of oxygen. There is no cure; however, its effect is minimized. This is achieved by physiotherapy, occupational therapy (occupational therapy), surgical interventions and medical devices. Many problems can be observed in children with cerebral palsy such as weakness, stiffness, slowness, tremors and balance disorders, and these problems may vary from mild to severe. In mild type cerebral palsy, children have a vague inexperience in an arm or leg, and often have difficulty in diagnosis. Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type. Spasticity means the muscles are tight and tight.

 

The muscles are tougher than it should be because they have received inappropriate orders from the brain's damaged area. Atetoid cerebral palsy is a term used to describe uncontrollable movements. This lack of control may be more pronounced, especially at the time of starting the movement. If the child tries to grasp the toy or spoon, the involuntary movements increase. The muscles of this type are very weak and during the transportation it is felt that the child is like a pellet. Ataxic cerebral palsy is the least common type. He / she behaves with balance disorders. Cerebral palsy is defined by different names relative to the body area involved;

 

Hemiplegia: The arm and leg on the same side of the body are affected.

Diplegia: Both legs were more affected. Generally, the arm and hand functions are also less affected.

Quadriplegia: The trunk was held with both arms and legs. It may also be affected by muscles on the face, around the mouth and swallowing.

Space therapy takes its origin from a dress called siz Penguin Suit durum, which is specially developed to prevent the unfavorable situations of astronauts in space. This outfit is based on the logic of giving pressure to the large joints of the body in order to prevent the negative conditions such as muscle atrophy and bone resorption due to the fact that the muscles and bones are not sufficiently loaded in the gravitational environment. Thanks to this positive effect of the suit called Suit, the communication between the brain and the muscles will create a positive effect on the body awareness of the patient.

 

Space therapy includes a suit called the Suit as well as the Universal Treatment Unit. Patients taken into the cage-shaped treatment unit are connected with special elastic bands and the tensioning bands are given the necessary tension. Thanks to the resulting tension force, the gravity is eliminated, allowing the patient to perform many movements that he cannot do without gravity. The better the internal balance of the joints, the muscles, the ligaments, and the joint capsule, the more accurate the alignment and alignment of the muscles and the body parts. So this bad cycle breaks and the wrong thing is replaced by new correct information.

The benefits of a suit called suit used in space therapy are as follows;

Improves the inner and outer muscles and tendons.

Reduces impaired reflexes.

Rebuilds the body's overall posture and smooth movement.

It provides external balance and supports weak muscles.

Corrects the appearance of the body.

Affects the balance system positively.

Stimulates the brain to retrain the central nervous system.

Provides tactile and sensory stimulation.

It is used in many cases such as space therapy, cerebral palsy, stroke, spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain injury and neuromuscular diseases. In Space Therapy, which is based on an intensive and specific exercise program, the exercises are performed 3-4 hours a day, 5 days a week and 3-4 weeks.

 

About Space Therapy Unit and Space Therapy Method

 

The Space Therapy Method, cerebral palsy, developmental retardation is the most appropriate form of therapy for neurological disorders such as traumatic brain injury. This method combines the best properties of different techniques and methods, and has a solid logic based on exercise physiology. The key to this treatment is that the participant has a strengthening program based on their needs, strengths and weaknesses. Increased force usually shows itself effectively in daily life activities.

 

The Space Therapy Method is based on an intensive and specific exercise program. The elimination of pathological reflexes and the placement of new, correct and functional movement compositions are of great importance in the treatment.

 

This particular method corrects the body as close to normal as possible. Restoring correct postural smoothness has a very important role in normalizing muscle tone, sensory and vestibular function.

 

The Space Therapy Exercise Unit is used to isolate the desired movements and strengthen the muscle groups responsible for this movement. The Space Therapy Exercise Unit provides functional skills as well as flexibility of movement, muscle and joint flexibility. The Space Therapy Method is a structural program that increases the growth and development of each individual.

 

Orthostatic Therapy Clothing

 

One of the primary tools used in the Space Therapy Method is the soft dynamic propioseptive orthosis called the Orthostatic Therapy Suit. Interconnected by an elastic band system; This garment, including headgear, vest, knee pads and shoe components, is a reliable and effective tool combined with intensive workouts to accelerate the child's progress and development. The features of Orthostatic Therapy Clothing are as follows:

 

Improves proprioception.

Reduces pathological reflexes

Reconstructs the body's overall posture and smooth movement patterns.

It provides external balance and supports weak muscles.

Corrects the appearance of the body.

It affects the vestibular system.

Stimulates the brain to retrain the central nervous system.

Provides tactile and sensory stimulation.

Provides to gain speech and fluency.

Loads the body with pressure.

Accelerates the development of newly learned movements and functional skills.

 

Indications:

  • Children with cerebral palsy
  • Stroke patients
  • Traumatic brain injuries
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Neuromuscular diseases

 

Typical Intensive Exercise Program:

3-4 hours per day, 5 days per week (3-4 weeks)

First week: Working on tonus reduction, reducing pathological movement patterns, increasing active smooth movement patterns and general strengthening

Second week: Working on strengthening specific muscle groups responsible for mobilization

Third week: Improving the functional level of the child by using increased strength and endurance (sitting, crawling, walking)

 

How Effective is it?

  • Reduces pathological movement patterns
  • Increases force
  • Increases muscle control and coordination
  • Increases durability
  • Increases functional activity (sitting, crawling, walking, etc.)