Psychiatry (mental health) is a branch of medicine that deals with the identification, classification, treatment and protection of mental, emotional, behavioral and environmental disorders.

Psychiatry has recently benefited from biology (especially neurobiology, genetics, pharmacology, radiological imaging) in recent years. In addition to medical units, psychology, anthropology and sociology continue to develop.


Psychiatry history, such as the history of medicine, is as old as humanity. Hippocrates has argued that mental illnesses depend on natural factors, not supernatural powers. Examples of the approach in ancient times can be found in the temple of Aesclapion in Bergama. Here, patients were given various therapy methods and their bodies were rested with mud baths and sleep.


In the Middle Ages, mentally ill people were subjected to extermination or terrible punishment. The Malleus Maleficarum (Devil's Hammer) book was written by the clergy and it was adopted as an authority document to chase, burn and punish mental patients. With the Enlightenment, the foundations of contemporary psychiatry were started to be established and care centers and treatment methods were started to be developed. approach to mental illness in Turkey was more tolerant, some of the drop Şifahane is reserved for those patients. First, a mental hospital was opened in Istanbul at the time of the Ottomans; contemporary psychiatry with Mazhar Osman began in Turkey.

After six years of medical education, Medical Professionals who have been studying in this field by Medical Examination or Education and Research Hospitals in the field after five years of assistants who succeed in the examination can serve as Psychiatry Specialists.


Major Topics in Psychiatry



Delusional Disorders

Mood Disorders (Major Depression, Bipolar Disorders)

Anxiety Disorders (Fire Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Panic Disorder, Social Phobia, Specific Phobias, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Acute Stress Disorder)

Personality Disorders

Somatoform Disorder

Sleeping disorders

Sexual Dysfunctions

Substance Use Disorders

Sleep Disorder

Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic disorders

Eating disorders

Mental Retardation

Special Learning Disorder

Common Developmental Disorders (The Last Three Disorders are Related to Child Psychiatry)