IMAGING TECHNIQUES IN OUR RADIOLOGY DEPARTMENT
COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY / CT (16 SECTION)
It is applied to different parts of the body to identify and identify the differences between healthy and diseased tissues. It shows structural and functional disorders of soft tissues. It provides information especially in cardiovascular system and neurological disorders, suspected brain tumor, spine problems, disc slips and disc hernias.
MAGNETIC RESONANCE / MR (1,5 TESLA)
Magnetic resonance device, which is the latest product of advanced technology, is a method of receiving images from the body which is enclosed in a strong magnetic field by means of radio frequencies. This system works without using any x-ray or any other harmful material and provides an image as detailed as an anatomy atlas from all internal organs including the brain.
COLOR DOPPLER ULTRASONOGRAPHY
The Dopler device, an advanced stage of the ultrasound technique, demonstrates the vascular network of the body, the circulation of blood in the vessels, the adequacy of circulation and the flow rate of the blood in a very easy way. Today, the Dopler device, which has become an indispensable tool for the diagnosis of diseases, serves with the latest models in our hospital.
4 DIMENSIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY
Thanks to the computer software used in the technology used, the images of the baby are instantly reflected on the monitor in 3D. For this reason, because the concept of time is added to the third dimension, we call it 4-dimensional. In the examination of 4-dimensional ultrasonography; the external surface anatomy of the baby, which is very difficult to examine by other methods, is monitored with near perfect images. In addition, cleft palate-lip and spine anomalies (such as spinabifida) are more easily identified in the baby.
Mammography is a low-dose breast x-ray film to detect cancers that are too small to be detected in the breast examination. Mammography is very important for early detection of breast cancer; because in self-examination or by physician, only masses of 1-2 cm or larger can be detected, while mammography can detect changes within the breast even under 0.5 cm. This means that the diagnosis and treatment began 2 years ago. The mammography is taken using a special x-ray machine and low-dose beam.
Generally, it is a branch of medicine that provides diagnostic services using X-rays, sound waves or other methods. It is a branch of medicine which deals with the diagnosis of diseases in the internal organs of the body by taking advantage of x-rays and other ionized radiation methods such as x-ray and gamma. Radiology is discussed in two main sections. The first is diagnostic radiology, the second is treatment radiology, that is, radio therapy.
BONE DENSITY MEASUREMENT (DENSITOMETRY)
The bone densitometer system, which was developed for early diagnosis and monitoring of osteoporosis with comparable measurements, is the most accurate method for determining the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures. The bone density measuring device, which is widely used in high-risk menopausal women, serves in our hospital.
TIROID THIN NEEDLE ASPIRATION PROCEDURE
Thyroid biopsy is always performed with fine needle aspiration. Thyroid fine needle biopsy is the most important standard in the diagnosis and follow-up of nodules. While benign nodules are followed without any procedure, nodules that are suspicious and cancerous require surgery.
After the necessary sterile cleaning of the neck area, local anesthesia is applied to this level. The ultrasound-guided nodules in the suspected thyroid gland are provided with a millimeter-accurate entry, and the sample is sent to the pathology with the finest-tip syringe needle and the syringe needle with a blood sample. After the procedure, if there is no bleeding check, the patient may return home or work.
BREAST, LIVER, SOFT TISSUE BIOPSY PROCEDURE
When suspicious lesions are detected in the breast, liver or soft tissues, a biopsy of the tissues should be performed. After local anesthesia is applied to the skin and subcutaneous tissues, the tissue is directed to the suspected lesions and biopsy gun and thick incisor needle under ultrasound guidance to obtain tissue samples from suspicious lesions. Since the needle can be monitored continuously on the screen, biopsy with visualization is the most convenient and reliable method to avoid damaging other organs. This procedure is the most appropriate diagnostic and follow-up method for suspicious lesions. Once the specimens diagnosed with breast cancer and suspected breast lesions are diagnosed by pathology, the most appropriate surgical methods can be determined.
TRU CUT BIOPSY PROCEDURE
In this process, which can be called as thick needle biopsy, cylindrical tissue pieces are taken from the tissue (mass) by entering the area determined by ultrasongography with a specially designed needle. Fine needle aspiration biopsy yields individual cells, while a small needle is removed from the thick needle. The Trucut needle allows the pathologist to work on a piece of undamaged tissue from the lesion. In order for the pathologist to make the correct diagnosis, it is not only sufficient to examine the cells, but also to see the architectural structure of the cells within the tissue. This is the advantage of tru cut biopsy over fine needle aspiration biopsy. The lesion is usually a mass. Sometimes, biopsy is performed on suspicious areas in ultrasonography.
APSE DRAINAGE, THORACENTESIS AND PARACENTESIS PROCEDURE
Local anesthesia is applied to the skin and subcutaneous tissues after the necessary sterile treatment of pathological fluids formed in the lungs, internal organs of the abdomen or in the neighborhood. An ultrasound or tomography guided insert provides accurate access to the drainage needle or catheter. The liquid samples obtained are sent to Pathology or Laboratory and the process is terminated.
USE OF PENILE DOPPLES
For successful and sustainable erection, an increase in the amount of blood entering the veins from the penis is required. Approximately 2 cc of papaverine is injected into the penis with the smallest needle. Doppler US examines the patency and flow of blood vessels of the penis and helps in diagnosis.